More than 4,000 acres of hemp seed will go into the ground in Kentucky this spring.
Growers will oversee industrial hemp pilot projects for the third straight year. They hope the crop will eventually create jobs and marketing opportunities.
Kentucky Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles says the state must show the crop is viable by attracting not just farmers, but processors.
"We need to make sure we have processors who are willing to buy industrial hemp and turn it into a marketable product," Quarles told WKU Public Radio. "If we can continue to show good faith progress on that front, it's going to make it easier to work with our federal delegation to de-couple it from its cousin one day."
Kentucky was a major hemp producer in the early 20th century, but the crop was later outlawed by the federal government because of its relation to marijuana.
The 2014 farm bill approved by Congress gave states and universities permission to grow industrial hemp for research purposes.
Hemp can be used in a wide range of products, including cosmetics, paper, clothing, and auto parts.